The base for a building structure would be the concrete foundation. The size and type of foundation that would be needed, would be based on the type of structure the foundation will be placed beneath. That is why a good concrete foundation must be designed specifically for the site, taking into account the soil conditions, the property of the backfill and water tables. Also, these different aspects must be taken into account: that the framework is properly made with rebar reinforcement and concrete accessories like rebar chairs, the base correctly compacted and that the concrete is free of airspace.
Here are an additional set of tips to ensure that a great and longlasting concrete foundation would be created:
1. Choose the right location.
One’s builder, designer, and local housing department authorities can assist in choosing the correct location to build the foundation, there are times where special soil conditions may require special foundations that may have different properties.
2. Survey the site!
One needs to first determine the area and find the corners before constructing the foundation. Surveying the site also helps in determining if it is legally possible to erect the foundation.
3. Ensure the framework is properly made.
Modifications can not be made after the concrete is emptied, because concrete is heavy, be certain that the framework is firmly aligned in place with no air gaps within the framework. Also, make sure the foundation walls are level and free of discoloration, discoloration could be a sign of a weak foundation structure. Pick the right type of foundation to build. Shallow foundations are built on level ground and hard surfaces are used mainly for smaller, more modest designs like holding patio a fountain, air conditioning unit, or a piece of patio furniture. Deep foundations are employed for more complicated designs. Deep foundations happen to also be used when soil conditions are bad, or when creating a building on the hillside. A deep foundation is used for a garage or sheds among other things.
4. Effectively mix the concrete.
When mixing concrete one needs to add the water slowly and stir regularly and uniformly. Lots of water is needed to not let the mixture get too soggy. The concrete normally takes 24 hours to dr, during that time the concrete would need to be kept wet for the following few days to prevent cracking. It needs to be soaked three times if it is very hot outdoors and covered if it starts raining during the process. Rain can cause dents and cause your foundation to be rugged.
5. Utilize quality sealants to the foundation.
Sealants will lock out moisture, which is particularly important in cold climates. Water is able to penetrate the concrete, this can cause freezing damage, sealing the concrete will stop water from penetrating the surface. A great concrete sealer will also defend the surface from winter salts which can cause erosion and decay.
6. Design a proper drainage system!
A good drainage system includes pipes and dug out routes that are placed near the foundation to let water flow away from the bottom of the foundation.
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